【評論】剛恆毅樞機主教與中國教會中國化

rss catalog logo宗教    台灣宗教多元化但較難接受基督宗教信仰| 天亞社中文網

剛恆毅(celso costantini, 1876-1958)總主教於一九二二年奉教宗比約十一世(1922-1939)之命至中國擔任首位宗座代表,直至1933年為止。當時的時代背景夾雜著中國內部征戰不斷;外患則是日本侵華軍事行動日趨猛烈,西方列強各自在中國佔有租界並劃有勢力範圍,法國在中國的保教權依舊是阻礙中國與教廷通使,也導致中國天主教會畸形發展的的主要因素。嚴格地說,當時的中國天主教傳教活動並無法稱之為一個「中國教會」,因為各個傳教區是彼此各自獨立自主。

2017-10-17 02:00:14  

【博文】你說・魔鬼說・天主說

rss catalog logo宗教    台灣宗教多元化但較難接受基督宗教信仰| 天亞社中文網

你說:別人打我、陷害我該怎麼辦? 魔鬼說:你去!報復他,讓他知道你的厲害! 天主說:【迫害你們的,要祝福;只可祝福,不可詛咒。應與喜樂的人一同喜樂,與哭泣的人一同哭泣。】(羅12:14、15)

2017-10-16 16:54:31  

新北市私立淡江大學校園游覽(校園何止十景而已)

rss catalog logo宗教    2013臺灣宗教百景---節慶信仰篇1 @ weng3309的部落格:: 痞客邦 ...

私立淡江大學---新北市淡水區英專路151號。www.tku.edu.tw/ 校史:1950淡江英語專科學校,1958淡江文理學院,1980淡江大學。校訓: 樸實剛毅。 *淡江十景:克難坡,宮燈大道/教室,書卷廣場,驚聲銅像,金鷹銅雕,海豚吉祥物里程碑,五虎碑雕塑,地球村雕塑,李雙澤紀念碑,雪山隧道雕塑(宜蘭校區)。 參觀感想:有用心經營的私立大學,高大的新教學大樓與精美古典的宮燈教室并存,校園處處花園林木草地,其間安置許多公共藝術陳列,更難得的是所有大學中獨有且展品豐富的海事博物館,

2017-10-16 14:11:02  

your simple guide to the chinese communist party’s 19th congress

rss catalog logo國外新聞    給台灣人的國際新聞beta | 你值得更好的內容

FreeMarker template error (DEBUG mode; use RETHROW in production!): For "#list" list source: Expected a sequence or collection, but this has evaluated to a string (wrapper: f.t.SimpleScalar): ==> item.itemImgs [in template "rss_home/subpage/msnry.ftl" at line 28, column 40] ---- FTL stack trace ("~" means nesting-related): - Failed at: #list item.itemImgs as img [in template "rss_home/subpage/msnry.ftl" at line 28, column 33] - Reached through: #include ("subpage/" + RequestParamet... [in template "rss_home/view.ftl" at line 11, column 33] ---- Java stack trace (for programmers): ---- freemarker.core.NonSequenceOrCollectionException: [... Exception message was already printed; see it above ...] at freemarker.core.IteratorBlock$IterationContext.executedNestedContentForCollOrSeqListing(IteratorBlock.java:346) at freemarker.core.IteratorBlock$IterationContext.executeNestedContent(IteratorBlock.java:272) at freemarker.core.IteratorBlock$IterationContext.accept(IteratorBlock.java:243) at freemarker.core.Environment.visitIteratorBlock(Environment.java:596) at freemarker.core.IteratorBlock.acceptWithResult(IteratorBlock.java:108) at freemarker.core.IteratorBlock.accept(IteratorBlock.java:94) at freemarker.core.Environment.visit(Environment.java:327) at freemarker.core.Environment.visit(Environment.java:369) at freemarker.core.IteratorBlock$IterationContext.executedNestedContentForCollOrSeqListing(IteratorBlock.java:316) at freemarker.core.IteratorBlock$IterationContext.executeNestedContent(IteratorBlock.java:272) at freemarker.core.IteratorBlock$IterationContext.accept(IteratorBlock.java:243) at freemarker.core.Environment.visitIteratorBlock(Environment.java:596) at freemarker.core.IteratorBlock.acceptWithResult(IteratorBlock.java:108) at freemarker.core.IteratorBlock.accept(IteratorBlock.java:94) at freemarker.core.Environment.visit(Environment.java:327) at freemarker.core.Environment.include(Environment.java:2509) at freemarker.core.Include.accept(Include.java:171) at freemarker.core.Environment.visit(Environment.java:327) at freemarker.core.Environment.visit(Environment.java:333) at freemarker.core.Environment.process(Environment.java:306) at freemarker.template.Template.process(Template.java:386) at org.springframework.web.servlet.view.freemarker.FreeMarkerView.processTemplate(FreeMarkerView.java:367) at org.springframework.web.servlet.view.freemarker.FreeMarkerView.doRender(FreeMarkerView.java:284) at org.springframework.web.servlet.view.freemarker.FreeMarkerView.renderMergedTemplateModel(FreeMarkerView.java:234) at org.springframework.web.servlet.view.AbstractTemplateView.renderMergedOutputModel(AbstractTemplateView.java:167) at org.springframework.web.servlet.view.AbstractView.render(AbstractView.java:303) at org.springframework.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet.render(DispatcherServlet.java:1282) at org.springframework.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet.processDispatchResult(DispatcherServlet.java:1037) at org.springframework.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet.doDispatch(DispatcherServlet.java:980) at org.springframework.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet.doService(DispatcherServlet.java:897) at org.springframework.web.servlet.FrameworkServlet.processRequest(FrameworkServlet.java:970) at org.springframework.web.servlet.FrameworkServlet.doGet(FrameworkServlet.java:861) at javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet.service(HttpServlet.java:622) at org.springframework.web.servlet.FrameworkServlet.service(FrameworkServlet.java:846) at javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet.service(HttpServlet.java:729) at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.internalDoFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:230) at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.doFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:165) at org.apache.tomcat.websocket.server.WsFilter.doFilter(WsFilter.java:52) at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.internalDoFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:192) at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.doFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:165) at com.alibaba.druid.support.http.WebStatFilter.doFilter(WebStatFilter.java:123) at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.internalDoFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:192) at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.doFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:165) at org.springframework.web.filter.RequestContextFilter.doFilterInternal(RequestContextFilter.java:99) at org.springframework.web.filter.OncePerRequestFilter.doFilter(OncePerRequestFilter.java:107) at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.internalDoFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:192) at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.doFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:165) at org.springframework.web.filter.HttpPutFormContentFilter.doFilterInternal(HttpPutFormContentFilter.java:105) at org.springframework.web.filter.OncePerRequestFilter.doFilter(OncePerRequestFilter.java:107) at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.internalDoFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:192) at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.doFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:165) at org.springframework.web.filter.HiddenHttpMethodFilter.doFilterInternal(HiddenHttpMethodFilter.java:81) at org.springframework.web.filter.OncePerRequestFilter.doFilter(OncePerRequestFilter.java:107) at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.internalDoFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:192) at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.doFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:165) at org.springframework.web.filter.CharacterEncodingFilter.doFilterInternal(CharacterEncodingFilter.java:197) at org.springframework.web.filter.OncePerRequestFilter.doFilter(OncePerRequestFilter.java:107) at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.internalDoFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:192) at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.doFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:165) at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardWrapperValve.invoke(StandardWrapperValve.java:198) at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContextValve.invoke(StandardContextValve.java:96) at org.apache.catalina.authenticator.AuthenticatorBase.invoke(AuthenticatorBase.java:474) at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardHostValve.invoke(StandardHostValve.java:140) at org.apache.catalina.valves.ErrorReportValve.invoke(ErrorReportValve.java:79) at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardEngineValve.invoke(StandardEngineValve.java:87) at org.apache.catalina.connector.CoyoteAdapter.service(CoyoteAdapter.java:349) at org.apache.coyote.http11.Http11Processor.service(Http11Processor.java:783) at org.apache.coyote.AbstractProcessorLight.process(AbstractProcessorLight.java:66) at org.apache.coyote.AbstractProtocol$ConnectionHandler.process(AbstractProtocol.java:798) at org.apache.tomcat.util.net.NioEndpoint$SocketProcessor.doRun(NioEndpoint.java:1434) at org.apache.tomcat.util.net.SocketProcessorBase.run(SocketProcessorBase.java:49) at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor.runWorker(ThreadPoolExecutor.java:1149) at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor$Worker.run(ThreadPoolExecutor.java:624) at org.apache.tomcat.util.threads.TaskThread$WrappingRunnable.run(TaskThread.java:61) at java.lang.Thread.run(Thread.java:748)

Whitelabel Error Page

This application has no explicit mapping for /error, so you are seeing this as a fallback.

Tue Oct 17 18:56:20 UTC 2017
There was an unexpected error (type=OK, status=200).
For "#list" list source: Expected a sequence or collection, but this has evaluated to a string (wrapper: f.t.SimpleScalar): ==> item.itemImgs [in template "rss_home/subpage/msnry.ftl" at line 28, column 40] ---- FTL stack trace ("~" means nesting-related): - Failed at: #list item.itemImgs as img [in template "rss_home/subpage/msnry.ftl" at line 28, column 33] - Reached through: #include ("subpage/" + RequestParamet... [in template "rss_home/view.ftl" at line 11, column 33] ----