you have been learning basic japanese for one year. as you have noticed, we choose either the polite or the casual way of speaking, depending on our relation with the listener. anna always speaks in the polite way, when she talks with her supe
to change verbs into nouns, you add no or koto to the plain forms of verbs, such as the dictionary form or the ta-form. let me explain this, using the sentence in the skit that means "to be a japanese language teacher is my dream."
mae ni (before) is an expression to emphasize what you do or did before doing something else. verbs take the dictionary form, when they are followed by mae ni (before). even if a sentence as a whole is in the past tense, a verb takes the diction
first of all, please note that both agemasu and kuremasu mean "to give." and moraimasu means "to get," "to receive" or "to be given." in japanese, you choose which of them to use, depending on which is the subject
in lesson 16, you learned to express more than one action in one sentence by linking the te-form of verbs. if you add the particle kara (after), after the te-form of verbs, you can make it clear that you did the action that comes before kara fir
you use deshô at the end of a sentence, when you talk about a prediction for the future or something uncertain. when you use it in combination with nouns or adjectives, you replace desu at the end of a sentence by deshô. let's try and say "
when you compare three or more things, you express the best of them by saying it is ichiban (the best, the most, number one). then, what do you say, for example, when you want to say "it is the most interesting"? "interesting" is
you can express ability or potential if you use the dictionary form of verbs, and attach to it koto ga dekimasu (can do / literally, can do the thing of). let's make a sentence, using koto ga dekimasu. when you say "i can go," "i
japanese verbs are divided into three groups. each group has its own patterns of conjugations.
when you express your ideas, opinions or guesses, first you say what you think, then you say to omoimasu (i think that, more literally, that is what i think). omoimasu is a verb that means (to think).before it, we add the particle to. before t
you use honorific expression when you are talking with, or referring to, your seniors, superiors, teachers, customers, or people you don't know well or at all. even with the people you usually talk in a casual way, you use honorific speech, when
when we cite two or three examples from among a number of actions, we use the ta-form of verbs and attach ri after each ta-form verb in succession. and at the end, we close the sentence by using shimasu (to do), shimashita (did) or shitai desu (
when you say you must or need to do something, you replace the nai part at the end of the nai-form of verbs with nakereba narimasen. for example, if you want to say "i must study," you first change the verb benkyô shimasu (to study) to
the potential form of verbs has two meanings. one is ability to do something. for example, when you want to say "i can speak japanese", you use the potential form of hanashi masu (to speak) and say hanasemasu (can speak). the other i
if you want to modify something using two or more adjectives, you change the preceding adjectives to the te-form. now, let me tell you how to turn adjectives to the te-form. you’ve learned that there are two kinds of adjectives, i-adjectives an
in japanese, we use different verbs, depending on whether we speak from the perspective of the giver or the receiver. like kenta in the skit, when the speaker gives something to the listener, the speaker says agemasu from the perspective of the
in japanese, there are no comparative forms of adjectives. so, we express comparison by using yori (than), and no hô ga (more, better). thailand is generally hotter than japan. let’s consider what to say, when we want to say "thailand is ho
when we want to show respect to the listener or the person we are talking about, we say o or go before nouns or adjectives concerning that person. for example, shigoto (work) becomes oshigoto. genki (healthy) becomes ogenki. and kazoku (family)
both tara and to indicates a condition. when something is to occur under a certain condition, we use tara or to to set the condition. but compared with tara, the usage of to is limited. we use to, when we show that under a certain condition, s
the basic form of n da is no da. you say no da at the end of a sentence, when you want to explain what will happen, why or in what situation. in casual conversations, you use n da. in a polite way, you say n desu. you cannot use the masu form o